Advanced endpoint protection
Software installed on individual computers (endpoints) that uses behavioural and signature based analysis to identify and stop malware infections.
A security solution that allows organisations to specify what software is allowed to run on their systems, in order to prevent any non whitelisted processes or applications from running.
A list of all IT hardware and devices an entity owns, operates or manages. Such lists are typically used to assess the data being held and security measures in place on all devices.
Custom threat intelligence
The collection and analysis of data from open source intelligence (OSINT) and dark web sources to provide organisations with intelligence on cyber threats and cyber threat actors pertinent to them.
Where sensitive data is encrypted while it is stored in databases. If implemented correctly, this can stop malicious actors from being able to read sensitive data if they gain access to a database.
Data loss prevention
Software that can identify if sensitive data is being exfiltrated from a network or computer system.
Hardware or cloud based solutions used to filter out malicious traffic associated with a DDoS attack, while allowing legitimate users to continue to access an entity’s website or web-based services.
An internet protocol used to combat email spoofing – a technique used by hackers in phishing campaigns.
A specific technique to block access to known bad IP addresses by users on your network.
Training programmes designed to increase employees’ security awareness. For example, programmes can focus on how to identify potential phishing emails.
Incident response plan
Action plans for dealing with cyber incidents to help guide an organisation’s decision-making process and return it to a normal operating state as quickly as possible.
Intrusion detection system
A security solution that monitors activity on computer systems or networks and generates alerts when signs of compromise by malicious actors are detected.
Mobile device encryption
Encryption involves scrambling data using cryptographic techniques so that it can only be read by someone with a special key. When encryption is enabled, a device’s hard drive will be encrypted while the device is locked, with the user’s passcode or password acting as the special key.
Authorised simulated attacks against an organisation to test its cyber security defences. May also be referred to as ethical hacking or red team exercises.
Hardware solutions used to control and monitor network traffic between two points according to predefined parameters.
Security info & event management (SIEM)
System used to aggregate, correlate and analyse network security information – including messages, logs and alerts – generated by different security solutions across a network.
Where a user authenticates themselves through two different means when remotely logging into a computer system or web based service. Typically a password and a passcode generated by a physical token device or software are used as the two factors.
Automated tests designed to probe computer systems or networks for the presence of known vulnerabilities that would allow malicious actors to gain access to a system.
Web application firewall
Protects web facing servers and the applications they run from intrusion or malicious use by inspecting and blocking harmful requests and malicious internet traffic.
Web content filtering
The filtering of certain web pages or web services that are deemed to pose a potential security threat to an organisation. For example, known malicious websites are typically blocked through some form of web content filtering.